Type Approval or Certificate of Conformity is granted to a product that meets a minimum set of regulatory, technical and safety requirements. Generally, type approval is required before a product is allowed to be sold in a particular country, so the requirements for a given product will vary around the world. Processes and certifications known as Type Approval in English are generally called Homologation
The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways is the nodal agency for implementation of emission legislation in both its aspects of Type Approval and Conformity of Production. The Standing Committee on implementation of Emission Legislation has been constituted by the MORTH under the Chairman-ship of Joint Secretary-MORTH, to advise the Nodal agency in such implementation. The functions of Standing Committee are to advise the Nodal Agency on all matters pertaining to the implementation of Emission Legislation in general, and particularly. Provided that in case the number of vehicles sold in India for a given base model and its variants (manufactured in India or imported to India) are less than 250 in any consecutive period of six months in a year, then such base model and its variants need not be subjected to the above test, if at least one model or its variants manufactured or imported by that manufacturer or importer, as the case may be, is subjected to such tests at least once in a year. Provided further that, in case the number of base models and its variants manufactured / imported is more than one and if the individual base model and its variants are less than 250 in any consecutive period of six months in a year, then the testing agencies can pick up one of the vehicles out of such models and their variants once in a year for carrying out such test.
Processing Time for Indian Manufacturer: 30 Days
Processing Time for Foreign Manufacturer: 60 Days
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